شناسایی الگوی ذهنی خبرگان در خصوص کاهش گرایش دانش آموزان به فعالیت بدنی در مدرسه( با استفاده از روش شناسی کیو)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه بیرجند

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

3 کارشناس تربیت بدنی پردیس هاشمی نژاد دانشگاه فرهنگیان

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف شناسایی الگوی ذهنی خبرگان در خصوص کاهش گرایش دانش آموزان به فعالیت بدنی در مدرسه با استفاده از روش شناسی کیو انجام گرفت. پژوهش حاضر بر اساس هدف، از نوع کاربردی، به لحاظ ماهیت توصیفی- اکتشافی و به دلیل کاربرد روش شناسی کیو، از نوع پژوهش‌های آمیخته می باشد. جامعه پژوهش شامل کلیه دبیران خبره، پیشکسوتان ورزش مدارس، متخصصین مدیریت ورزشی و جامعه شناسان فعال در این حوزه بودند که از میان ایشان 26 نفر به صورت نمونه گیری گلوله برفی انتخاب شدند. برای انجام این پژوهش از نمودار کیو با توزیع شبه نرمال با توزیع اجباری استفاده شده است. داده‌های مرتب سازی شده مشارکت کنندگان در نرم افزار SPSS وارد شد تا به کمک تحلیل عاملی کیو ذهنیت های مختلف مشارکت‌کنندگان شناسایی شود. بر پایه یافته های پژوهش، 11 الگوی ذهنی متمایز در خصوص کاهش گرایش دانش آموزان به ورزش و فعالیت بدنی در مدارس شناسایی شد. به طور کلی یافته ها بیانگر ضرورت طراحی نظام جامع استعدادیابی در ورزش مدارس، جبران کمبود امکانات اجرایی و آموزشی، توجه رسانه های جمعی به ورزش مدارس، وجود قوانین هم راستا با برنامه های آموزشی و توجه به نقش تعیین کننده‌ی مدیران در فعالیت دانش آموزان در مدرسه بود.

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