بررسی عوامل تنش‌زای شغلی و سازمانی کادر فنی تیم‌های شرکت‌کننده در شانزدهمین دوره مسابقات والیبال جوانان آسیا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه ارومیه

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی عوامل تنش‌زای شغلی و سازمانی کادر فنی تیم­های شرکت‌کننده در شانزدهمین دوره مسابقات والیبال جوانان آسیا در شهر ارومیه است. پژوهش حاضر از نوع توصیفی ـ همبستگی و از نظر هدف کاربردی است. جامعه و نمونه آماری تحقیق را کادر فنی کلیه تیم‌های شرکت‌کننده در این مسابقات تشکیل می‌دادند (44 نفر). ابزار اندازه­گیری پژوهش پرسشنامه روا و پایای استرس‌سنج ایوانکویچ و ماتسون در دو بخش؛ پرسشنامه عوامل تنش‌زای شغلی شامل 16 سؤال (88/0 =α) و پرسشنامه عوامل تنش‌زای سازمانی شامل 30 سؤال (95/0=α) بود. نتایج آمار توصیفی نشان داد که نقش عوامل تنش­زای سازمانی بیشتر از عوامل تنش­زای شغلی است. از بین عوامل تنش‌زای شغلی مؤلفه فشار زمانی و از بین عوامل تنش‌زای سازمانی مؤلفه نظام توسعه منابع انسانی بیش‌ترین تأثیر را در ایجاد استرس بر مربیان مورد بررسی داشته است. همچنین نتایج آزمون همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد که دو عامل استرس‌زای شغلی و سازمانی با یکدیگر دارای رابطه مثبت و معنی‌دار هستند (01/0 P

کلیدواژه‌ها


- Ahmadi, A., & Mohammadzadeh, H. (2009). “The Sources of Stress in Iranian Professional Football Officials”. Quarterly Journal of Olympic. 17(1 (SERIAL 45). 47-55.

- Aliabadi, S., & Khakpour, M. (2014). “Model in Alborz Province’s Physical Education Teachers with Emphasis on Modifier Role of Gender”. Applied Research of Sport Management, 2(3). 105-114.

- AliOsati, S. (2010). “The effectiveness of business stressful factors on ShahidRajaee teacher training university staff performance”. Journal of Technology of Education. 4(2). 129-136.

- American psychological association report. (2010). Retrieved June 23, 2013. Available at:http://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/national-report.pdf.

- Ashrafi, S., & Moharramzadeh, M., & fattahpour Marandi, M. (2012). “The relationship between stressors, job stress and job burnout of elite sport coaches”. International Shomal Sports Science Conference 2012.

- Azizan, A. & Askarian, F. (2011). “Study factors and sources of job stress among physical education degree jobs in comparison with other jobs. Sixth National Conference on Physical Education and Sports Science students in Iran”. Tehran. Retrieved from: http://www.civilica.com/ Paper-SSTU06-SSTU06_315.html.

- Brown, Z. A., & Uehara, D. L. (2008). “Coping with teacher stress: A research synthesis for Pacific Resources for Education and learning”. Retrieved June 29, 2009, Available at: http://www.prel.org/products/.

- Carson, V. D. (2000). Mental health nursing: the nurse- patient Journey. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co.

- Chang, K., & Lu, L. (2007). “Characteristics of organizational culture, stressors and wellbeing: The case of Taiwanese organizations”. Journal of Managerial Psychology. 22(6). 549-68.

- Chraif, M., & Anitei, M. (2011). “The impact of economic crisis on occupational stress and counterproductive behavior in a food and beverage restaurant chain from Romania”. 2nd World Conference on Psychology. Counseling and Guidance. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 30. 2644-2650.

- Chunman, L. (2000). “Investigation and Research on Stress Sources and Ways to Cope with Stress in Chinese Class B Professional Football Coaches”. Journal of Beijing University of Physical Education. 4, 463-466.

- Conley, S., & Woosley, S. A. (2000). “Role stress, higher order needs and work outcomes”. Journal of educational administration. 38(2), 179-201.

- Fairbrother, K., & Warn, J. (2003). “Workplace dimensions, stress and job satisfaction”. Journal of Managerial Psychology. 18. 8-21.

- Farahani, A., & Badri Azarin, Y., & Mohamadi Aghdam, E. (2012). “The relationship between motivation factors and burnout in physical education teachers of Tabriz based on the ERG model”. Applied Research of Sport Management. 1(1). 29-38.

- Frey, M. (2007). “College coaches’ experiences with stress “problem solvers” have problems, too”. The Sport Psychologist. 21(1). 38-57.

- Gilmario, R. B., & Marina, C. C. L., & José, F. F., & Francisco, S. M., & Celso, L. P. R. (2006). “Stress Causing Factors in Beach Volley Coaches”. Third International Conference on Production Research – Americas’ Region (ICPR-AM06).

- Golparvar, G., & Javadian, Z., & Adibi, Z., & Mosahebi, MR., & Ahmadi, A. (2013). “The Relationship between Job Stress with Turnover and Task Performance Considering the Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction”. Iran Occupational Health. 10(1). 33-42.

- Hurell J. J., & Aristeguieta, C. (2005). “Occupational stress. In: Levy B.S, Wegman D.H., Sherry L.B., Rosemary K.S., editors. Occupational and environmental health”. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2006.p. 382-396.

- Ivancevich, J. M., & Matteson, M. T. (1996). Organizational Behavior and Management. McGrow-Hill Companies.Inc.

- Jagdish, K. D. (1994). “Job Stressors and Their Effects on Physical Health, Emotional Health and Job Satisfaction in a University”, Journal of Educational Administration. 32(1). 59-78.

- Johnson, S., & Cooper, C., & Cartwright, S., & Donald, I., & Taylor, P., & Millet, C. (2005). “The experience of work related stress across occupations”. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 20 (2), 178-87.

- Kelley, B. C., & Baghurst, T. (2009). “Development of the Coaching Issues Survey (CIS)”. The Sport Psychologist, 23, 367-387.

- Khatibi, A., & Asadi, H., & Hamidi, M. (2011). “The relation between organizational justice and job stress in national Olympic and Paralympic academy”. Journal of olympic. 19, 2(Serial 54). 91-107.

- Koustelios, A., & Theodorakis, N., & Goulimaris, D. (2004). “Role ambiguity, role conflict and job satisfaction among physical education teachers in Greece”. The International Journal of Educational Management. 18(2). 87-92.

- L.Bird, M. (2003). "High school football coaches and stress. A research fir the Master of Science degree in education". University of Wisconsin- Stout, American psychological association.

- Li, Ch-M. (2000). “Football China A/ B Professional Football Coaches on the stressors and ways to eliminate Analysis”. Journal of Beijing University of Physical Education, 23(4), 463-6.

- Manshor, A.T., & Fontaine, R. & Choy, C. S. (2003). “Occupational stress among managers: A Malaysian Survey”. Journal of Managerial Psychology. 18(6). 622-628.

- McCormick, J. (1997). “Occupational stress of teachers: biographical differences in a large school system”. Journal of Educational Administration. 35(1). 18-38.

- Memari, ZH., & Hamidi, M., & Seifi, T. (2013). “Program Study, Evaluation and Development of Sports Coaches in Selected Countries and Suggestions”. Applied Research of Sport Management. 2(2). 99-112.

- Moharramzadeh, M., & Rajaeean, A. (2007). “Assessment on Job Resources Factors among West Azerbayjan Sport Coaches”. Research on Sport Science. 13, 33-49.

- Monazami, A. H., & Sokhtehzari, S., & Haddadi, F., & Rostami Nejad, M., & Gudarzi, M., & Ashrafi Hafez, A. (2013). “The codification of criteria for selecting national volleyball coaches”. Applied Research of Sport Management. 2(2). 109-118.

- Nhundu, T. J. (1999). “Determinants and prevalence of occupational stress among Zimbabwean school administrators”. Journal of Educational Administration. 37(3). 256-272.

- Noblet, A. (2003). “Building health promoting work settings: identifying the relationship between work characteristics and occupational stress in Australia”. International Health Promotion. 18, 351–359.

- Nwadiani, M. (2006). “Level of perceived stress among lectures in Nigerian universities”. Journal of Instructional Psychology. 33(1). 66-74.

- Pourghaz, A., & Keikhanejad, M., & Armaki, A. F. (2011). “A Comparative Study on the Job Stress of Physical Education Teachers in Rahnamayee Level of Schools”. Quarterly Journal of Career & Organizational Counseling, 3(9), 61-73.

- Rahimi, E. (2009).”Study the Relationship between Job Stress Factors and Job Satisfaction among Physical Education Organization Employees of FARS Province”. Quarterly Journal of Olympic, 17(1 (SERIAL 45), 7-17.

- Ramezannezjad, R., & khabiri, M., & Reihani, M., & Eidy, H. (2014). “Comparison of Stressors in Iranian Professional Soccer Coaches”. Sport Management Review. 21, 37-54.

- Reihani, M. & Ramezani Nejad, R. & Safatyan, A. & Rohani, M. & Ismaili, M. (2011). “Factor analysis of Stressor variables in Iranian Soccer Coaches”. Sixth National Conference on Physical Education and Sports Science students in Iran. Tehran. Retrieved from: http://www.civilica.com/ Paper-SSTU06-SSTU06_213.html.

- Reskin, A. (2008). “Podcast Transcript for Working with Stress”. Retrieved from: http://online.sagepub.com/.

- Richman, J. M. (1992). Perceived stress and well-being in coaching. Dissertation Graduate degree doctor philosophy, The Ohio State University, http://etd.ohiolink. edu/view.cgi?acc_num=osu1228837319.

- Rohani, M., & Talebpour, M., & Ramazaninejad, R., & Benar, N. (2013). “The Factor Analysis of Performance Evaluation’s Indicators of Soccer Coaches in Iran Premier League”. Applied Research of Sport Management. 2(2). 35-48.

- Seward, J. P. (2007). Occupational stress. In: LaDou J., editor. Current occupational & environmental medicine. 4th ed. New York: MC Grow Hill; p. 579-594.

- Smith, A. (2000). “The Scale of Perceived Occupational Stress”. Journal of Occupational Medicine, 50(5), 294-98.

- Spielberger, C. D., & Vagg, P. R. (2010). “JSS: Job stress survey. Chestionarul de stres ocupational: manual ethnic”. Cluj Napoca, Editura Sinapsis.

- Stanescua, M., & Vasiliua, A. M., & Stoicescua, M. (2012). “Occupational stress in physical education and sport area. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences”, 33, 218-222.

- Surujlal, J., & Nguyen, S. (2009). “Sources of stress in South African soccer coaches”. African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance, Supplement, 113-124.

- Talebpour, M., & Loghmani, M., & Rohani, M., & Irani, V. (2013). “Designing a Prediction Model of the Attitudinal and Behavioral Outcomes among Professional Iranian Soccer Coaches”. Applied Research of Sport Management, 2(2), 79-90.

- Taylor, J. (2001). “Coaches are people too: An applied model of stress management for sport coaches”. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 4(1). 27-50.