The current study aims to investigate viewpoint of professionals and sport executives about the role of athletics on social development indicators. The methodology was analytic-descriptive and conducted in survey research. The statistical population in the research involves physical education professors and ph.D. candidates in sport managment of Tehran province and people working in the sport federations (about 700 persons). For example, the 203 sample people (39 professors, 113 Ph.D., 51 people employed in the Federation) were randomly from each Stratified selected. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, the 38-question questionnaire developed by the researcher was used “investigate viewpoint of professionals and sport executives about the role of athletics on social development indicators". Its content validity was confirmed by 15 academic professors and experts. and its reliability was studied in a pilot study with 30 subjects and its Construct factor with confirmatory factor analysis was confirmed. Reliability was 0.92 using Cronbach's alpha. The statistical descriptive-inferential methods, for data analysis, such as the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and independent t-test of single group, analysis of variance and Duncan test using the software SPSS, Version 20 were used. The results showed that the average attitude of professionals and sport managers, , about role of athletics sport on social development indicators, in social welfare, personal health, social health, social unity, indicators was high, but on social justice index was low. Thus, according to positive attitude of experts about the role of athletics on social development, an appropriate plan to use it for this purpose should be done.