In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Scientific Association of Sports Management of Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Sport Management, Mazandaran University

2 sport management, Bu-Ali Sina University of Hamedan

3 Islamic Azad University

4 Sport management, Shomal University


The aim of present study was to identify barriers to use of information technology in physical education course of elementary schools. Hence, all of the physical educators and schools’ managers of Zarand, Kerman selected equally by statistical society (N= 180), and they responded to researcher made questionnaire of 5-point Likert including 34 questions. Contextual validity of questionnaire confirmed by sport management scholars, and its reliability resulted to (.91) by Chronbach alpha coefficient. In order to analysis data it is used exploratory factor analyze and Friedman test. Exploratory factor analysis results showed that, based on cumulative variance explanation of 69 percentage and with eliminating the five items, the 6 factors of human (6.87), facilities-equipment (6.11), technical (4.45), cultural (4.41), financial (2.75), and professional ability (2.24) identified, and each of those played important role for lack of information technology utility in sports of elementary schools (λ2= 198.55; P≤ .01). It seems that educational and confirmatory courses are in low level for physical educators because negative attitudes, traditional skills, knowledge, and teaching methods are the most important factors for lack of information technology utility in sports of elementary schools. Thus, as it is expected, in addition improving the facilities and adequate infrastructures, formatting the job design groups can probably be effective factor for attitudes changes of physical educators to wards information technology.