In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Scientific Association of Sports Management of Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor Faculty of Physical Education, University of Birjand

2 PhD student in Sport Management Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

3 Expert Hasheminejad University Campus Physical Education teachers


This study was conducted to identify the paradigm of experts on reduced tendency of students to physical activity at school using Q methodology. This study based on objective, of applied research, exploratory and descriptive in nature because of the Q-methodology of researches mixed. The population of study included all expert teachers, sport veterans at schools, sport management experts, and sociologists who were active in this area. Among them, 26 people were selected using snowball sampling. In order to conduct this study, Q chart with semi-normal distribution with mandatory distribution was used. Data on sorting the participants were entered in SPSS software so that various mentalities of participants to be identified using Q factor analysis and research questions to be responded by using it. Based on findings of this study, 11 distinctive paradigms were identified on reduced tendency of students to sport and physical activity at schools. Generally, findings indicate the necessity of designing comprehensive talent identification system in sport of schools, compensating the lack of executive and educational facilities, paying attention of mass media to sport of schools, developing riles in line with educational programs, and paying attention to determining role of managers in activity of students at school.


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