نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

استارتاپ ها نقش اساسی در کاهش بحران بیکاری و رشد اقتصادی کشورها را دارا هستند. دولت ها از اوایل قرن بیستم، به استارتاپ های دانشجویان دانشگاه روی آوردند. پژوهش ها و تجربیات میدانی عدم شکوفایی استارت اپ ها دانشجویی در دانشگاههای کشور را بیان می کند. هدف این پژوهش شناسایی و اولویت بندی عوامل موثر بر رشد استارت آپ های دانشجویان علوم ورزشی کشور با استفاده از تکنیک تحلیل شبکه است. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را متخصصین استارت آپ های دانشجویی، اساتید و دانشجویان مدیریت دانشکده های علوم ورزشی کشور تشکیل و به صورت نموته گیری گلوله برفی انتخاب شدند. از میان مصاحبه‏های عمیق با خبرگان و پیشینه پژوهش تعداد 41 عامل شناسایی و در 6 خوشه بعنوان عوامل موثر دسته بندی شدند. با مشارکت خبرگان و نرم افزار های سوپر دسیژن و اس پی اس اس داده ها مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. خبرگان خوشه ها را به ترتیب: عوامل فردی موسس، محیط آموزشی دانشکده، اقتصادی دانشگاهی، تکنولوژی و ارتباطات، امکانات و تسهیلات و فرهنگی اجتماعی اولویت بندی کردند. در رتبه بندی کلی زیر معیار ها، معیار هوش اجتماعی و هیجانی موسس استارت آپ مهمترین اولویت و افزایش طرفداری خانواده ها از ورزش با کمترین اهمیت اولویت بندی شد. پیشنهاد می شود شبکه ای تحت عنوان نیازمندی های صنعت ورزش و افراد جامعه، جهت بکارگیری نتایج تحقیقات دانشجویی و افزایش انگیزه و نوآوری توسط استارت آپ های دانشجویی راه اندازی گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

  • Amini, M., jamshidi, R., Heydarinejad, S. (2014). “Prioritization of entrepreneurship barriers of physical education students by TOPSIS method”. Research on Educational Sport, 2(6), 15-32.(Persian)
  • Arasti, Z., Heidari, H., Mobaraki, M. (2014). “Evaluation of effectiveness of “Guest Speaker” teaching method in entrepreneurship students”. Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, 7(3), 389-406. doi: 10.22059/jed.2014.52491.(Persian)
  • Azimzadeh, S. M., Pitts, B., Ehsani, M., & Kordnaeij, A. (2013). “The vital factors for small and medium sized sport enterprises start-ups”. Asian Social Science, 9(5), 243.
  • Baum, J.R., Locke, E.A. and Smith, K.G. (2001). “A multidimensional model of venture growth”, Academy of Management Journal, 44(2), 292-303.
  • Blank, S. (2012). How to Build a Great Company, Step by Step, the Common Wealth Club of California. 14 August 2012.
  • Brush, C. G. (2014). “Exploring the concept of an entrepreneurship education ecosystem”. Innovative Pathways for University Entrepreneurship in the 21st Century (pp. 25-39). Emerald Group Publishing
  • CANU, A. (2019). Assessing student startup teams interactions through performative patterns approach.
  • Chang, S.D., Lee, Z.H. (2013). “A Study on the influencing effects of university students' e-Business startup intention”. The e-Business Studies, 14(3), 37-53.
  • Cho, Y.J., Lee, B.Y. (2016). “A study on social environmental factors affecting university students’ entrepreneurial intention”. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship, 11(4), 17-25.
  • Cusumano, M. A. (2013). “Evaluating a startup venture”. Communications of the ACM, 56(10), 26-29.‏
  • Douglas, E. J., & Shepherd, D. A. (2002). “Self-employment as a career choice: Attitudes, entrepreneurial intentions, and utility maximization”. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 26(3), 81-90.
  • Farahani, A., goudarzi, M., naderi, N. (2010). “The Role of Formal Education and Extra-Curricular Programs of Physical Education (MSc courses) in Providing Entrepreneurial Skills for Postgraduates from Senior Students' Viewpoints”. Journal of Sport Management, 2(6), 101-219.(Persian)
  • Fath abadi, M. (2018). “Identifying and Prioritizing Factors Influencing the Success of Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Startups in Iran”. MBA thesis, Kharazmi University of Iran.(Persian).
  • Frederiksen, D. L., & Brem, A. (2017). “How do entrepreneurs think they create value? A scientific reflection of Eric Ries’ Lean Startup approach”. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 13(1), 169-189.‏
  • Forbes, D. P., & Milliken, F. J. (1999). “Cognition and corporate governance: Understanding boards of directors as strategic decision-making groups”. Academy of management review, 24(3), 489-505.
  • Fichter, K. and Tiemann, I. (2018). “Factors influencing university support for sustainable entrepreneur-ship: Insights from explorative case studies”. Journal of Cleaner Production,175, 512-524.
  • Garonne, C., & Davidsson, P. (2016). “An exploration of the phenomenon of business planning in nascent and young firms”. In Models of start-up thinking and action: Theoretical, empirical and pedagogical approaches. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.‏
  • Gibb, A., & Hannon, P. (2006). “Towards the entrepreneurial university”. International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 4(1), 73-110.
  • Goudarzi, M., Jalali Farahani, M., Rajabi, H., & Hamidi, M. (2017). “The Design and Codification of Development Model of Entrepreneurial Skills for Students of Sport Management in Iran”. New Trends in Sport Management, 5(18), 9-21.( Persian)
  • Gupta, V. K., Turban, D. B., Wasti, S. A., & Sikdar, A. (2009). “The role of gender stereotypes in perceptions of entrepreneurs and intentions to become an entrepreneur”. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 33(2), 397-417.
  • Ham, H. U., & Ko, C. R. (2016). “The Technology Licensing Office as Factor of Success for Spin-off: Case Study of a Research Lab Startup of Korea”. Asian Journal of Innovation & Policy, 5(2).
  • Jalali Naeini, G., mohammadrezaee loraki, Y. (2011). “Sketching Fuzzy Plan for Implementation of E-Business in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises”. Journal of Business Administration Researches, 2(4), 107-123 (Persian).
  • Khashei, V., Asady, R. (2019). “Designing a model of Strategic Control in Internet-based Startups”. Journal of Strategic Management Studies, 10(37), 125-139.
  • Kim, H. (2012). “The entrepreneurial factors and entrepreneurial intention on student”. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship, 7(1), 263-271.
  • Kim, H.C., Song, C.H. and An, B.R. (2016). “A study on effects of personal characteristics on startup opportunity and entrepreneurial intention of startup”. Korean Management Consulting Review, 16(3), 75-87.
  • Kim, S. and Jo, Y.H. (2006). “Study of core subjects and success strategy of venture companies in each growing stage”. e-Business Review, 7(1), 119-141.
  • Klofsten, M., & Jones-Evans, D. (2000). “Comparing academic entrepreneurship in Europe–the case of Sweden and Ireland”. Small Business Economics, 14(4), 299-309.
  • Ko, Chang-Ryong & An, Jong-In. (2019). “Success Factors of Student Startups in Korea: From Employment Measures to Market Success”. 8. 97-121. 10.7545/ajip. 2019.8.1.097.
  • Korea Institute of Startup and Entrepreneurship Development (2018). Report on the Results of the Statistical Survey of University Startup in 2017.
  • D. F. (2005). “The emergence of entrepreneurship education: Development, trends, and chal-lenges”. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29(5) 577-598.
  • Lee, H.H., Hwang, B.Y. and Gong, C.H. (2017). “A study on the factors that determine the initial success of startup”. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship, 12(1), 1-13.
  • Lee, M.J. and Kim, J.G. (2013). “The effects of entrepreneurial intention and entrepreneurship on entrepreneurial success”. Journal of Digital Convergence, 11(9), 56-65.
  • Lee, Y.H. and Park, S.H. (2014). “A study on the success factors of venture entre-preneurs and entrepreneurship education”. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship, 9(6), 231-244.
  • Lim, A., Kim, H.C. and Kim, K.P. (2015). “The effect of youth entrepreneurs’ competence on entrepreneurial behavior and entrepreneurial performance”. Korean Management Consulting Review, 15(3), 143-154.
  • Lonappan, J. and Devaraj, K. (2011). “Pedagogical innovations in teaching entrepreneurship”. Eight AIMS International Conference on Management, January 1-4, 513-518.
  • Mandalizadeh, Z., Honari, H. (2011). “An Investigation of the Factors Affecting Entrepreneurship in Sport: As an Interdisciplinary Area”. Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 2(2), 113-136. doi: 10.7508/isih.2010.06.006. (Persian)
  • Mardanshahi, M., Tajik Esmaeili, A., Mobaraki, M. (2014). “In Junior and Senior Students of State Universities (Case Study: State Universities of Mazandaran Province)”. Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, 7(4), 755-771. doi: 10.22059/jed.2014.53628. (Persian)
  • Marjani, T., Sadri, S. (2014). “Development of Social Entrepreneurship; Problems, Effective Factors, and Solutions”. Organizational Culture Management, 12(2), 277-297. doi: 10.22059/jomc.2014.51184. (Persian)
  • Mohamadi, GH., Farasatkhah, M., Farokh, SH. (2012). “Entrepreneurship Professors and Trainers Skills for Nurturing Entrepreneurs in Universities”. Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, 5(1), 185-201. doi: 10.22059/jed.2012.24661. (Persian)
  • Mortezanezhad, N., Attaran, M., Hosseinikhah, A., Abbasi, E. (2017). “The Components of Entrepreneurship Curriculum based on the Comparative Approach”. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 12(44), 49-80. (Persian)
  • Moshdey, A. (2011). “Analysis of the Effects of Social Networks on Entrepreneurial Opportunity Identification”. , 6(15), 69-80. (Persian)
  • Movahedi, R., Shirkhani, M., Talebi, B. (2017). “The Study of Effective Factors on Improving the Quality of Education: Case Study in College of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina Universty”. Higher Education Letter, 10(37), 79-110. (Persian)
  • nadafi, R., Ahmadvand, M. (2017). “Identification and Prioritization of Development Factors of Startups Using Q methodology”. Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, 10(3), 517-534. doi: 10.22059/jed.2018.236443.652249. (Persian)
  • Nasirzadeh, A., Farahani, A., Vatandoust, M. (2018). “Investigating and Analyzing Effective Factors on Entrepreneurship of Iranian Physical Education Graduates”. Sport Management Studies, 10(47), 131-152. doi: 10.22089/smrj.2018.1099. (Persian)
  • Peterman, N. E., & Kennedy, J. (2003). “Enterprise education: Influencing students’ perceptions of entrepreneurship”. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 28(2), 129-144.
  • Premand, P., Brodmann, S., Almeida, R., Grun, R., & Barouni, M. (2016). “Entrepreneurship education and entry into self-employment among university graduates”. World Development, 77, 311-327.
  • Ramezaninezhad, R., Malek akhlagh, E., Boroumand, M., Hematinezhad, M., Razavi, S. (2013). “Analysis of physical education and sport sciences graduates’ employment and their position in Iran based on strategic position and action evaluation matrix (SPACEM)”. Sport Management and Development, 2(1), 1-19.
  • Ries, E. (2011). The lean startup: How today's entrepreneurs use continuous innovation to create radically successful businesses. Currency.
  • Saaty, T. L., & Vargas, L. G. (2013). “The logic of priorities: applications of business, energy, health and transportation”. Springer Science & Business Media.
  • Safari, S., Samiazadeh, M. (2012). “Needs Assessment of Entrepreneurship knowledge and Skill Education a Comparative Approach in Different Fields of Humanities”. Technology of Education, 7(1), 65-79. (Persian).
  • Segal, G., Borgia, D., & Schoenfeld, J. (2005). “The motivation to become an entrepreneur”. International journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & research.
  • Seraji, F. (2018). “Promotion and development of entrepreneurship competencies in university students”. Iranian Journal of Engineering Education, 20(78), 37-56. doi: 10.22047/ijee.2018.117793.1511. (Persian)
  • Shin, D.P., Bae, Y.K. and Son, S.H. (2018). “The Present and Implications of Technology-based Business Activation Support Policy”. KISTEP Issue Weekly, KISTEP, 266(08).
  • Sim, Y.H., Gill, W.G. and Kim, S.K. (2015). “Study on the perception gap between technology-based entrepreneurs and startup facilitators about success factors for startup”. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship, 10(2), 43-57.
  • Song, E. S., & Lee, S. K. (2012). “A Study on Influences on Results of Inauguration of Enterprise by Characteristics of Young Businessmen’s Inauguration-Focusing on Young CEO Promoting Project in Gyeongsangbukdo”. Korean Local Government Review, 14(3), 177-193.
  • Souitaris, V., Zerbinati, S., & Al-Laham, A. (2007). “Do entrepreneurship programmes raise entrepreneurial intention of science and engineering students? The effect of learning, inspiration and resources”. Journal of Business venturing, 22(4), 566-591.
  • Tojjari,F.,Khodayari, A.(2006). “Study on Entrepreneurship Preparedness in Education: An Analysis of the Basis of Measuring the Size of Entrepreneurship in Sport (ERI)”. Research in Sport Sciences.Spring 2006: 4(10). (Persian)
  • Vaghefi Nazari, R., farahani, A., Asad, M., khodadadi, M. (2015). “Job Expectations of Physical Education Students of Their Job and Job Prospect in Tehran Azad Universities”. Journal of Sport Management, 7(2), 175-189. doi: 10.22059/jsm.2015.55159. (Persian)
  • van Gelderen, M., Kautonen, T., Wincent, J., & Biniari, M. (2018). “Implementation intentions in the entrepreneurial process: concept, empirical findings, and research agenda”. Small Business Economics, 51(4), 923-941.
  • Walter, S. G., Parboteeah, K. P., & Walter, A. (2013). “University departments and self–employment intentions of business students: A cross–level analysis”. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 37(2), 175-200.
  • Yun, J. R., Kim, H. C., & Kim, K. S. (2008). “An empirical research on successful factor of venture business”. Korean Business Review, 1(1), 39-67.
  • Zhao, H., Seibert, S. E., & Hills, G. E. (2005). “The mediating role of self-efficacy in the development of entrepreneurial intentions”. Journal of applied psychology, 90(6), 1265.
  • Zhao, S., Bai, X., & Zhao, Y. (2014). A study of Chinese entrepreneurs and philanthropic behavior. In Handbook of research on entrepreneurs’ engagement in philanthropy. Edward Elgar Publishing.