نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

4 استادیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از تحقیق حاضر شناسایی پیامدهای تحریم‌های بین‌المللی بر صنعت ورزش بود. این تحقیق با شیوه کیفی و با رویکرد تحلیل تماتیک انجام شد که از لحاظ هدف کاربردی و با ماهیت اکتشافی بود. جامعه آماری متشکل از کلیه صاحب‌نظران رشته مدیریت ورزشی با سابقه علمی در مسائل سیاسیِ ورزش، بودند. نمونه‌گیری به صورت هدفمند انجام شد که با 18 مصاحبه، اشباع نظری صورت گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که پیامدهای تحریم‌های بین‌المللی بر صنعت ورزش شامل شش حوزه اقتصادی، تجهیزاتی و زیرساختی، علمی‌_رسانه‌ای، منابع انسانی و سازمانی، اجتماعی و مراودات بین‌المللی می‌باشد. به صورت نظری، از نتایج حاصل می‌توان در جهت تکمیل مبانی نظری ورزش، بخصوص در حیطه حقوقی و سیاسی ورزش سود برد. در قالب عمل، مدیران ذی‌ربط می‌توانند در برنامه‌های توسعه ورزش از مفاهیم و مقوله‌های شناسایی شده استفاده نمایند و با توجه به یافته‌های موجود، ساز و کارهایی جهت مقابله با پیامدهای احتمالی تحریم‌های بین‌المللی احیا کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

  • Aghajani, N., & Naderi Nejad, P. (2011). “Study the Role of Mass Media (Television, Magazines and Radio) On Diffusion of Sport Culture for All in Iranian Society”. Quarterly Culture of Communication, 1(1), 139-167. (Persian)
  • Ahmed, M. D., Ho, W. K. Y., Van Niekerk, R. L., Morris, T., Elayaraja, M., Lee, K. C., & Randles, E. (2017). “The self-esteem, goal orientation, and health-related physical fitness of active and inactive adolescent students”. Cogent Psychology4(1), 1331602.
  • Aoyagi, Y., Park, S., Cho, S., & Shephard, R. J. (2018). “Objectively measured habitual physical activity and sleep-related phenomena in 1645 people aged 1–91 years: The Nakanojo Community Study”. Preventive medicine reports11, 180-186.
  • Asefi, A. (2018). “The identifying and prioritizing effective groups in the institutionalization of sport for all in Iran”. Research on Educational Sport, 6(15), 247-270. (Persian)
  • Asefi, A., & Ghanbarpor Nosrati, A. (2018). “The effective factors model in institutionalization of sport for all in Iran”. Research in Sport Management & Motor Behavior, 8(16), 29-46. (Persian)
  • Asefi, A., & Ghanbarpor Nosrati, A. (2018). “The Role of Family in Institutionalizing Physical Activity in Children”. Sport Physiology & Management Investigations, 10(1), 55-65. (Persian)
  • Asefi, A., Khabiri, M., Asadi Dastjerdi, H., & Goudarzi, M. (2013). “Investigating the effective organizational factors in institutionalizing public sports in Iran”. Journal of Sport Management and Motor Behavior, 10(20), 63-76. (Persian)
  • Böhm, A. (2004). “The Oretical coding: text analysis in grounded theory. Dans U. Flick, E. von Kardorff, & I. Steinke (Éds)”, A companion to qualitative research (pp. 270-275).
  • Danaeifard, H., & Emami, S, M. (2007). “Strategies of Qualitative Research: A Reflection on Grounded Theory”. Strategic Management Thought, 1(2), 69-97. (Persian)
  • Ghasemi, H., Nozafari, S. A. A., & Amirtash, A. M. (2008). “Development of Sports by Tv In Iran”. Quarterly Research on Sport Science, 5(17), 131-148. (Persian)
  • Greenwood, R., & Hinings, C. R. (1996). “Understanding radical organizational change: Bringing together the old and the new institutionalism”. Academy of management review21(4), 1022-1054.
  • Harris, M. A. (2018). “The relationship between physical inactivity and mental wellbeing: Findings from a gamification-based community-wide physical activity intervention”. Health psychology open5(1), 2055102917753853.
  • Herrera, M. E. B. (2015). “Creating competitive advantage by institutionalizing corporate social innovation”. Journal of Business Research68(7), 1468-1474.
  • Holt, N. L., & Tamminen, K. A. (2010). “Improving grounded theory research in sport and exercise psychology: Further reflections as a response to Mike Weed”. Psychology of sport and exercise11(6), 405-413.
  • Howell, D. C. (2016). “Fundamental statistics for the behavioral sciences”. Nelson Education.
  • Javadi pour, M., Rouhi Dehkordi, M., Rahbari, S., & Taefi, H. (2019). “Pathology the Process of Policy-Making in Sport for All in Iran and Presentation the Model”. Sport Management Studies, 10(52), 17-42. (Persian)
  • Kelman, H. C. (2017). “Further thoughts on the processes of compliance, identification, and internalization”. InSocial power and political influence (pp. 125-171). Routledge.
  • King, A. C., Jeffery, R. W., Fridinger, F., Dusenbury, L., Provence, S., Hedlund, S. A., & Spangler, K. (1995). “Environmental and policy approaches to cardiovascular disease prevention through physical activity: issues and opportunities”. Health Education Quarterly22(4), 499-511.
  • Mahdizadeh, R., & Andam. R. (2014). “Developing strategies of "Sport for All" in Iran Universities”. Sport Management Studies, 6(22), 15-38. (Persian)
  • Mahdizadeh, R., Andam. R., & Rouzbahani, S. (2013). “Barriers to Sport for All Promotion in Universities”. Research on University Sport, 1(3), 109-126. (Persian)
  • Manoochehrinejad, M., Hematinejad, M. A., Sharifian, E., & Rahmaty, M. M. (2016). “Exploration of the Background Factors of Family, Peers, School, and Media in the Internalization of Sports Culture in Children and Adolescents: A Qualitative Study”. Journal of Quality Research of Health Sciences, 5(1), 83-95.
  • Miryousefi, S. J., Ramzaninezhad, R., & Rahmati, M. M. (2017). “Role of development of social culture in Cultural Development of Athletic Sport”. Journal of Human Resource Management in Sport, 4(1), 131-146.
  • Momtazbakhsh, M., & Fakor, Y. (2007). “The strategies to promote and developing the sport for all of Women Police University”. Police Science Quarterly, 9(10), 53-62.
  • Moore, S. C., Lee, I. M., Weiderpass, E., Campbell, P. T., Sampson, J. N., Kitahara, C. M., ... & Adami, H. O. (2016). “Association of leisure-time physical activity with risk of 26 types of cancer in 1.44 million adults”. JAMA internal medicine176(6), 816-825.
  • Morse, J. M. (Ed.). (1994). Critical issues in qualitative research methods. Sage.
  • Mozaffari, A. A., Elahi, A. R., Abbasi, S., Ahadpur, H., & Rezayi, Z. (2012). “Developing Strategies for Athletic Sports in Iran”. Quarterly Sport Management Review, 4(13), 33-48.
  • Osman-Gani, A. M., and Jacobs, R. L. (2004). Institutionalization of Organizational Change: A Study of HRD Interventions in Singaporean, US, Japanese, and German Companies, Paper presented at the Academy of Human Resource Development International Conference (AHRD), Pp: 482-489.
  • Painter, C. N. (2002). Early leader effects on the process of institutionalization through cultural embedding: The cases of William J. Donovan, Allen W. Dulles, and J. Edgar Hoover (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
  • Paré, G. (2004). “Investigating information systems with positivist case research”. Communications of the association for information systems13(1), 233-264.
  • Quinn, R. E., Kahn, J. A., & Mandl, M. J. (2013). “Perspectives on organizational change: Exploring movement at the interface”. In Organizational Behavior(pp. 119-144). Routledge.
  • Rahimi, A. H., Khayamian, Z., Ghahreman tabrizi, K., & Sharifian, E. (2018). “The comparison of Influential Factors on Promoting Sport for All in the Dormitories”. Research in Educational Sport, 5(13), 175-192. (Persian)
  • Ramezani nezad, R., Rahmati, M. M., Miryousefi, S. J., & Nejad Sajadi, S. A. (2017). “Identification of Factors and Criteria of Cultural Development in Athletic Sport”. Sport Management Studies, 8(40), 61-78. (Persian)
  • Randolph, J. J. (2015). “Online kappa calculator (computer software)”. 2008. Google Scholar.
  • Scott, W. R. (2008). Institutions and organizations: Ideas and interests. Sage.
  • Shabani, A., & Rezaee Sofi, M. (2015). “The effect of the media: on sport and recreation”. Communication Management in Sport Media, 3(9), 24-29. (Persian).
  • Shiruei, A., Esmaeili, R., Keshkar, S., & Asadi, H. (2019). “Sociological Factors Affecting the Institutionalization of Sport (Casestudy: Citizens of Tehran)”. Strategic Studies on Youth and Sports, 17(42), 145-164. (Persian)
  • Talebpour, M., Sahebkaran, M, A., Mosala Nejad, M., & Rajabi, M. (2016). “Comparison Study to the Factors Affecting on Institutionalization of Sport Among Students (Case Study of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad)”. Research on Educational Sport, 4(11), 55-70. (Persian)
  • Tucker, P., van Zandvoort, M. M., Burke, S. M., & Irwin, J. D. (2011). “The influence of parents and the home environment on preschoolers' physical activity behaviors: A qualitative investigation of childcare providers' perspectives”. BMC public health11(1), 168-175.
  • Vafaei Moghaddam, A., Farzan, F., Razavi, S. M. H., & Afshari, M. (2019). “Serveing the Development Causes of Sport for All Based on Grounded Theory”. Sport Management Studies, 10(52), 43-72. (Persian)
  • Vandelanotte, C., Müller, A. M., Short, C. E., Hingle, M., Nathan, N., Williams, S. L., ... & Maher, C. A. (2016). “Past, present, and future of eHealth and mHealth research to improve physical activity and dietary behaviors”. Journal of nutrition education and behavior48(3), 219-228.
  • Vatten, L. J., Nilsen, T. I., & Holmen, J. (2006). “Combined effect of blood pressure and physical activity on cardiovascular mortality”. Journal of hypertension24(10), 1939-1946.
  • Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority. (2010). “VCE physical education (2011–2014). Unit 3: Social Ecological Model”. Melbourne: Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority.
  • Walker, D., & Myrick, F. (2006). “Grounded theory: An exploration of process and procedure”. Qualitative health research16(4), 547-559.