نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران

2 استاد مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

3 استاد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم تحقیقات، تهران ، ایران.

4 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش تحلیل وضعیت سرمایه اجتماعی ورزش ایران( مطالعه موردی نخبگان ورزشی) بود. روش پژوهش حاضر کیفی و از نوع اکتشافی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل ورزشکان ملی که سابقه مدال آوری در بازی های آسیایی، جهانی و المپیک دارند می‌باشد بود. روش‌نمونه‌گیری به صورت نمونه‌گیری غیر‌احتمالی، با انتخاب هدفمند و با حداکثر تنوع یا ناهمگونی بود. اندازه نمونه در این پژوهش برابر با 16 نفر بود. ابزار اندازه‌گیری مصاحبه باز بود و بر مبنای سه مرحله کدگذاری باز، محوری و گزینشی تحلیل شد. با استناد به کدگذاری مرحله اول، از طریق بازبینی مصاحبه‌های انجام گرفته با صاحب‌نظران 109 کدباز شناسایی گردید، همچنین نتایج نشان داد عوامل علی از کدهای محوری (وجود ظرفیت رفتاری، هم‌افزایی هنجاری، عوامل فردی و عوامل جامعه پذیری)، عوامل زمینه‌ای (سازگاری محیطی، زیرساخت و بسترهای مناسب، ارزشها و هنجارها، پیوندها و اعتماد بین فردی)، عوامل مداخله‌گر (سبک زندگی، تحرک اجتماعی، حرفه‌ای شدن ورزشکاران، انگیزه)، راهبردها (روابط انجمنی، عوامل مالی و اقتصادی، حمایت، استراتژی‌های موثر) و در نهایت پیامدها از (پیامدهای اجتماعی، توسعه چهارگانه سطوح تربیتی، بهبود شاخص سلامتی در جامعه، چیامدهای شخصی) تشکیل شده است.

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